Eurex Clearing said it launched Eurex Clearing Prisma, a risk management system that applies a portfolio methodology


Eurex Clearing said it launched Eurex Clearing Prisma, a risk management system that applies a portfolio methodology

http://www.automatedtrader.net/news/at/142960/eurex-clearing-launches-new-risk-management-system

Frankfurt – Eurex Clearing said it launched Eurex Clearing Prisma, a risk management system that applies a portfolio methodology.

The new system will be rolled out for all products cleared by Eurex Clearing and will replace the current Risk Based Margining methodology.

Eurex Clearing said that by capturing risk reducing portfolio effects, Prisma promotes hedged positions and increases capital efficiency.

“After full roll-out, Eurex Clearing will, as the first major clearing house, apply a single consistent methodology and system across all asset classes cleared including listed and OTC products and thereby increase operational efficiency,” the company said.

Eurex Clearing Prisma applies a simulation-based Value-at-Risk model which covers historical and hypothetical stress scenarios

Moscow Exchange seeks to ramp up derivatives offering


Moscow Exchange seeks to ramp up derivatives offering

http://www.efinancialnews.com/story/2013-06-20/moscow-exchange-seeks-to-ramp-up-derivatives-offering?omref=email_TradingTechnology

The Moscow Exchange will add futures based on popular German stocks to its market, as part of its plans to further develop a derivatives offering for both retail and institutional investors.

Moscow Exchange seeks to ramp up derivatives offering

The Moscow Exchange has partnered with Deutsche Börse-owned derivatives market Eurex to offer futures based on the stocks of Deutsche Bank, Siemens, BMW, Volkswagen and Daimler from September.

Speaking to Financial News, Roman Sulzhyk, head of futures and options market at Moscow Exchange, said: “These new futures will offer Russian retail investors with new products to invest in and are the first step in our cooperation with Deutsche Börse. We plan to look at the portfolio of products offered by both exchanges to see where we can further extend our partnership.”

Deutsche Börse signed a letter of intent with Moscow Exchange in November 2012, which established a strategic partnership between the two bourses. The exchanges have previously said they will look to cooperate on infrastructure, product development, regulations and post trade services.

The new derivatives are short-dated products that Sulzhyk said would allow retail investors to take short-term bets on the future stock price of the five German stocks. He added that Eurex and Moscow Exchange deliberately started with products that would not lead to a shift of liquidity from Germany to Russia.

 

Sulzhyk also said the Moscow Exchange was actively working with regulators to help encourage the use of derivatives among institutional investors.

“We are working hard to make it easier for large Russian funds to trade derivatives. There aren’t many Russian funds with derivatives in their portfolio because of unclear regulation. Institutional investors want access to liquid, longer-dated derivatives that will help them to hedge against portfolio risk,” he said.

The Russian exchange already lists futures based on the main indices of Brazil, India, Hong Kong and South Africa as part of an initiative known as the Brics Exchange Alliance that was launched last June.

The Moscow Exchange was formed in December 2011 from a merger of Russia’s two main domestic exchanges RTS and Micex as part of the Russian government’s plan to transform Moscow into an international financial centre. Since the deal was completed, the exchange has taken steps to encourage overseas firms to trade on its market, including major changes to post trade processes.

 

— write to anish.puaar@dowjones.com and follow on Twitter @anishpuaar

 

Eurex Exchange releases results of proprietary HFT research


Eurex Exchange releases results of proprietary HFT research

http://www.automatedtrader.net/articles/sponsored-articles/142740/eurex-exchange-releases-results-of-proprietary-hft-research

First Published in Automated Trader Magazine Issue 29 Q2 2013 : Sponsored Articles

Eurex Exchange is the first exchange in Europe to share part of its proprietary quantitative research on high- frequency trading (HFT) with the public. Key findings of this research include:

(a) HFT participants played an important and beneficial role during one of the most extreme market situations Eurex Exchange has seen in recent years,

(b) HFT participants play a unique and indispensable role in the recovery of market quality right after large trades, and

(c) Eurex Exchange did not find evidence of abusive HFT activity

Background

Eurex Group continuously invests in deepening its understanding of the structure and dynamics of the markets it operates. Its proprietary data contains a wealth of information on each individual order, down to the level of trader ID and microsecond granularity timestamps. This data uniquely allows the exchange to conduct extremely granular research, which is more important than ever considering the public debate. The analysis is a contribution to much needed empirics in the discussion on HFT.

Defining HFT

Key to the credibility of any research on HFT activity is a solid process to identify which order flow is – and which is not – of HFT origin. Eurex Group argues that HFT is a technologically advanced implementation of a great variety of trading strategies – some of which already existed prior to the existence of electronic trading platforms. Therefore, the exchange’s HFT selection process is based on the technical (instead of functional) characteristics of its participants’ order flow. More specifically, the exchange’s research looks at the inter-arrival time of messages, measured by the number of microseconds between any two consecutive messages from any two different participants.

To understand the underlying logic of the research, imagine a world wherein participants in a market place would not react on the exact same events when making investment decisions. In this world, the speed with which one reacts on any opportunity would generally not matter; there is no other participant hunting for the same opportunity. Therefore, from a system perspective, transaction arrival at the central exchange system would be uncorrelated. There would be a predictable number of observations with a small inter-arrival time and a somewhat smaller number of observations with a higher inter-arrival time. The expected number of observations for any inter-arrival time would be given by a Poisson distribution. In reality, trading activity is partly correlated and, since the rise of HFT, especially on a micro-second time frame. Therefore, there are observations in excess of what might be expected based on the Poisson distribution, particularly in the 0-100 microsecond time frame. These excess observations for very short inter-arrival times serve as a proxy for the ‘HFT-ness’ of a participant.

HFT participants provide important liquidity during periods of extreme market volatility

On 25 August 2011, Eurex Exchange experienced one of the most challenging market situations in its history. An institutional investor (not an HFT participant) offloaded a 6,000 contract DAX® Futures position in a 20 minute period, causing tremendous price pressure. For comparison, the average turnover increased from 300 contracts per minute to more than 1,700 contracts per minute. As a result, the market in DAX® Futures briefly lost more than four percent of its value, making the event look much like the U.S. ‘Flash Crash’. However the situation was different in two very important respects.

Dr. Randolf Roth

Dr. Randolf Roth

Firstly, although liquidity became more expensive, it did not dry up. Spreads widened and the number of available contracts declined, but these are natural consequences of increased demand. Arbitrage (against e.g. EURO STOXX 50® Index Futures, SMI® Futures, etc.) allowed participants to transfer liquidity from correlated instruments to DAX® Futures and vice versa. Trading continued in an orderly fashion, and the volatility interruption that halts trading when prices move too fast was not triggered.

Secondly, HFTs continued to be an important source of liquidity throughout the event, supplying 30 to 50 percent of the contracts available at the best bid and offer. Contrary to what one might expect, their aggregate participation was not skewed to one side or the other. Of course, only an execution proves the relevance of an order. Therefore, it is also important to note that the HFT share of passive executions remained stable and high. Furthermore, contrary to popular belief, the majority of the aggressive side of those executions were not HFT participants. Last, but not least, HFT liquidity was spread out over several price levels at all times, reducing the price impact for large aggressive orders.

HFTs increase their participation in liquidity provision after large trades

Eurex Exchange keeps close contact with end users of its trading system, such as buy side investment firms. Discussions with traders at these firms have proven to be invaluable input for decisions regarding market structure and trading system design. The exchange takes their concerns about market structure very seriously and investigates specific issues wherever possible. An often heard criticism is that HFT liquidity is spurious; “Whenever I try to hit it, it’s gone before my order reaches the exchange”.

To verify or falsify this claim, Eurex Exchange took all add, modify and delete orders and rebuilt the historical order book in EURO STOXX 50® Index Futures for several days from 2012. The exchange defined “large trades” as trades that were 10 to 20 times the 10-minute moving average trade size. In EURO STOXX 50® Index Futures, such trades occur between 400 and 500 times per day. For each 100 milliseconds (ms) in the two seconds around these trades, Eurex Exchange analysed the contracts available at the best price level on the side of the order book that was affected. Based on that, it was possible to calculate the share of contracts provided by HFTs and by non-HFTs respectively (adding up to 100 percent).

Passive HFT activity development around liquidity gaps

Passive HFT activity development around liquidity gaps

Each grey lines depict the daily average market share of HFTs on the relevant side of the BBO before and after a large trade (10 times the trailing 10 minute average) in the front month Eurostoxx future. The blue line is the average of these averages. The graph shows that HFTs do not reduce their participation right before large trades and increase (rather than reduce) their market share of the relevant side of the BBO after large trades.
Bernard Hosman

Bernard Hosman

The results can be found in the figure below. The grey lines represent the combined market share of the exchange’s top 40 HFT participants, whereas the blue line is the average of the grey lines. Remarkably, instead of reducing their participation, it can be seen that on average, HFTs significantly increase their share of contracts on the best price level of the side of the order book where a large trade occurs. Furthermore, it can be seen that the participation of HFT users does not change in the second prior to the execution of the large order. Therefore, the claim that HFT participants revoke their liquidity before a large trade hits the order book does not, in general, hold true.

Strong competition among HFTs yields remarkable improvement in market quality resilience at Eurex

Over the past few years Eurex Exchange has seen a substantial increase in HFT activity. The exchange wanted to quantify the effect of increased competition among liquidity providing HFT participants on market quality. One of the areas it expected to see market structural changes was the resilience of the market; in other words: How fast does the market recover after a large trade? What happens after large trades hit the order book is extremely important as most trading is highly correlated; a slow recovery means unnecessary sub-optimal executions.

Spread resilience

Spread resilience

The grey lines show daily averages for the spread recovery paths in 2010 and 2012. The blue lines are averages for 2010 and 2012. Compared to 2010, the liquidity in the DAX30 futures became much more resilient. The averages converge around 500ms from the big trade.

To quantify the recovery process of market quality, the exchange measured the spread (in ticks) for each millisecond in the two seconds before and after the large trades that caused the spread to widen. Such events happen several hundred times a day in the front-month DAX Futures. Based on these measurements the exchange calculated daily averages for eight similarly volatile days in 2010 and 2012 (grey lines in the graph above).

The chart shows the recovery paths relative to the average pre-trade spread to account for the effect of differences in intra-day volatility; a spread recovery of four ticks is more significant if the initial spread was one tick than if the initial spread was ten ticks. The top blue line is the average of the spread recovery paths in 2010 and the bottom blue line represents those paths in 2012. The most obvious difference between 2010 and 2012 is the significant improvement in the speed of the recovery that took place. Another observation is the fact that the recovery process in 2010 only started after 5-10 ms whereas in 2012 a much faster reaction can be observed. The exchange’s working hypothesis, supported by some early findings, is that these 5-10 ms was the minimum reaction time of some exchange participants, which – at that time – provided the lion’s share of the liquidity in DAX® Futures.

Continuing research

According to the study, high-frequency trading activity is an important positive contributor to overall market quality and stability. The exchange will continue to analyse HFT activity and will share the findings with the industry.

In response to customer requests, Eurex Exchange has posted three videos on its website that detail its analysis of HFT. These include:

• HFT and non-HFT participation during an extreme market situation

• A three dimensional representation of HFT activity

• Zooming into HFT participation during micro shocks

The videos can be viewed at: http://www.eurexchange.com > Technology > High-frequency trading

For more information about technical issues surrounding HFT, please contact:

Bernard Hosman , T +49 69 211 1 3195 or bernard.hosman@eurexchange.com

For more information about legal issues surrounding HFT, please contact:

Randolf Roth , T +49 69 211 1 2793 or randolf.roth@eurexchange.com

Deutsche Börse Group : Deutsche Börse Group


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Client Asset Protection


In addition to our ICM, Eurex Clearing is also offering a UK CASS compliant Omnibus Model.

via Pocket http://www.eurexclearing.com/clearing-en/risk-management/client-asset-protection/143894/ June 03, 2013 at 01:32PM

Exchanges: AlgoSpan Service Coverage – ‘shortest path’ end-to-end trading infrastructure


Exchanges: AlgoSpan Service Coverage
 

 

The ‘shortest path’ end-to-end trading infrastructure and real-time market data services to major equity and derivative exchanges
AlgoSpan’s solutions are designed specifically to meet the demanding needs of the financial community, with a particular focus on providing infrastructure and market data for major equity and derivative exchanges.  AlgoSpan’s trading infrastructure (branded AlgoNet) underpins all customer solutions, including delivery of its multicast normalised and raw exchange data (branded AlgoData).

Exchange Coverage Map
Our service map shows which locations we can currently deliver industry leading latencies – we are continually expanding to new exchange locations
Click here to download our service map

London Fibre Footprint
AlgoSpan takes its ultra-low latency market access infrastructure directly to London’s trading community via its London fibre network
Click here to download our London Network map

Ultra Low Latency
Our ‘shortest path’ philosophy means we continually strive to deliver the lowest possible latencies across our Market Access Platform

London Exchange Locations

A-Location
B-Location
Exchanges
Latency*
Interxion, LON
London
Equinix, LD4
Slough
Chi-X Europe

BATS Europe
0.23 ms
Interxion, LON
London
LSE
London
London Stock Exchange
Borsa Italiana
0.01 ms
Interxion, LON
London
NYSE
ARCA, Euronext, Liffe
0.265 ms
European Exchange Locations

A-Location
B-Location
Exchanges
Latency*
Interxion, LON
London
NASDAQ OMX
Stockholm
NASDAQ OMX
11.045 ms
Interxion, LON
London
Equinix, FR2
Frankfurt
Xetra
Eurex
4.324 ms
Interxion, LON
London
Equinix, ZH4
Zurich
Six Swiss Exchange
6.88 ms
North American Exchange Locations

A-Location
B-Location
Exchanges
Latency*
Interxion, LON
London
Telx
New Jersey
NYSE ARCA
BATS US
33.1 ms

 

We have full control over our dedicated high-capacity network, taking the most direct fibre routes using the latest generation technology, with network management that eliminates any ‘invisible’ sources of latency. By combining our installed network with wholesale carrier links, as well as the ability to construct our own network to client locations, AlgoSpan has the unique capability to continually operate and control the best possible ‘shortest path’ infrastructure.

 

Orc selected by BRED Banque Populaire for market making on Eurex


A new Orc customer, BRED Banque Populaire will use Orc Market Maker to support its expanding market making operations at Eurex. The bank chose Orc following an extensive evaluation of available market making tools.

via Pocket http://www.orc-group.com/News/Rss-Detail-page/?cid=1298582 April 11, 2013 at 07:01PM

Tbricks wins market making platform deal from All Options


http://www.automatedtrader.net/news/automated-trading-news/142424/tbricks-wins-market-making-platform-deal-from-all-options

First Published Wednesday, 3rd April 2013 from Automated Trader : Automated Trading News

All Options deploys Tbricks platform for European equity options and stock-index options activities

Stockholm & Amsterdam – Tbricks has announced that All Options International, a market maker providing liquidity to European financial derivatives markets, has adopted Tbricks’ market making platform for all of its European equity options and stock-index options activities.

All Options has deployed Tbricks’ market making software on servers co-located at European exchanges, including NYSE Euronext Liffe and NYSE Euronext cash markets, the London Stock Exchange, Swiss Exchange SIX, Bats/Chi-X Europe and Eurex/Xetra.

This delivery expands Tbricks’ reach into the broader European marketplace for any type of listed financial products. It follows last year’s completion of Tbricks’ connections within the Nordic markets.

Jonas Hansbo, CEO of Tbricks, said: “This is a landmark transaction for Tbricks. We are proud to have All Options, a major market maker, as a flagship client for our next-generation trading platform. Tbricks’ modular design allows for the deployment of an unlimited number of market adapters, each deployed in its specific co-location center, within a single trading system. The platform is easy to set up and use, and its server-based architecture combines ultra low latency with unprecedented front-end and server configurability. Tbricks provides for fast and complete trading and quoting applications, which are delivered in open-source format for custom modifications.”

Allard Jakobs, CEO of All Options, said: “As a leading market maker in European Small and Midcap equities and index options, we were looking for a system that offered comprehensive user functionality paired with the performance and flexibility we needed to succeed. After a thorough market review, we chose Tbricks due to its readiness to successfully operate in our distributed trading environment.”

Jonas Hansbo, CEO, Tbricks

Jonas Hansbo, CEO, Tbricks

“This is a landmark transaction for Tbricks. We are proud to have All Options, a major market maker, as a flagship client for our next-generation trading platform.”

Bombay seeks foreign liquidity with Eurex deal


The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) will overhaul its technology platform after a striking a deal with Deutsche Börse-owned Eurex Group, in a bid to grow derivatives volumes on its market.

via Pocket http://thetradenews.com/news/Regions/Asia/Bombay_seeks_foreign_liquidity_with_Eurex_deal.aspx March 18, 2013 at 07:13PM

Deutsche Börse Group : Deutsche Börse Group


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